29th July is globally celebrated as International Tiger Day. This day has been dedicated to the tigers to create an awareness for conservation of tigers. At the International Tiger Summit held at St. Petersburg in 2010, International Tiger Day was first conceptualized and celebrated, and a goal was set to double the tiger population by 2022.
One of the main reasons for the falling number of tigers is found to be poaching. Poverty in the country has forced the tribal people into poaching and illegal trade of products made from tiger. Climate change and deforestation are said to be the other reasons. The rise in sea level endangers the existence of forest cover and the forest wildlife. Due to expansion of villages and cities, the forest cover has receded and there is sharp decline in the population of herbivores prey. This causes the tigers to hunt for domestic animals in villages. The enraged villagers resort to killing the tigers to protect their livestock, thereby causing their numbers to fall further.
The tiger is on the top level of the food chain, and is an essential element to balance and preserve the ecosystem. Tigers prey on the herbivores and keep its population under check. Eliminating tiger from the food chain would result in over-population of herbivores, which in turn would deteriorate the vegetation on which they feed. This will imbalance the whole ecosystem.
We, at Yera, have are endeavouring to spread this message by commemorating the International Tiger Day. Let us pledge to spread the awareness regarding preservation of tiger for a balanced and healthy ecosystem.
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