Monsoon is a season of fun and frolic. But as the raingods pour down on us, we have many unwelcomed guests visiting us, humming their way through the house and biting us at their convenience. Mosquito menace is common during monsoons and often causes life-threatening diseases such as dengue and chikungunya.
August 20th is observed as World Mosquito Day to create an awareness regarding the gravity and extent of diseases caused by mosquitoes.
Dengue, chikungunya, Zika infection and yellow fever are all caused by the Aedes mosquitoes viz. Aedes aegypti and, to a lesser extent, Aedes albopictus. These mosquitoes may bite at any time but are most active outdoors during the early morning and in the evening. They do not travel beyond 200 metres from their breeding nest. After an infected mosquito bites, the patient starts showing symptoms between 4 to 8 days.
Today, Yera brings you a list of do’s and don’ts to protect yourselves from the deadly attack of the mosquitoes.
- Do not foster breeding grounds for mosquitoes: The Aedes mosquito generally thrives in fresh, stagnated water. Empty all the buckets and make sure water is not collected anywhere around the house. Clear the flower pots of extra water to prevent laying eggs and breeding.
- Cover the water containers: If you must store water in buckets, containers etc., make sure to cover it well to avoid mosquito breeding. Also, make it a point to empty and clean the container every week. If you use a cooler, regularly empty and clean the water tray.
- Use mosquito repellents: Apply mosquito repellents, before venturing out in the open or even while at home or office. It is advisable to use a repellent containing at least a 10 percent concentration of DEET. However, as some repellents are known to cause skin irritation and other health complications, caution must be applied while using them.
- Cover yourselves up: When you go into mosquito-infested areas, wear a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, socks and shoes to protect yourselves from mosquito bites.
- Sleep under a mosquito net: Save yourselves from the mosquito stings by sleeping under a mosquito net, especially when babies are around. Babies tend to sleep during the day when chances of mosquito bites are higher.
- Stay in cool environment: The Aedes mosquito cannot breed at a temperature below 18° C. Staying in air-conditioned environment may be of use as this will avoid possibility of mosquito bites.
- Use camphor: Camphor is said to be an effective mosquito repellent. Close all the doors and windows of the house and light camphor for sometime. This will help in keeping the mosquitoes at bay.
- Keep the virus from spreading further: A non-infected mosquito is infected when it bites an infected person. This causes the disease to spread further. If someone at home is ill with dengue, chikungunya, etc., try not to ensure that mosquitoes do not bite them or others in the house.
Protect yourselves and your family from the deadly sting with these useful tips. Wish you a mosquito free life!
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